Monthly Archives: November 2017

A Vertical With a Difference

By Peter Inskeep NO2D

Almost everyone is familiar with vertical antennas. Long, thin poles that reach skyward. They promise omni-directional reception and transmission. They take up very little space. They are ideal for small plots of land. However, they do have some downsides. If ground mounted they invariably require an extensive network of radials. The more, the merrier, they say. Sometimes buried and sometimes laid out on the surface with hopes that no one will trip on them or mow them down. Multi-band designs can get quite complicated. Another common complaint about verticals is that “they radiate equally poorly in every direction.” That last quote is direct from a sales person at a well known amateur radio retail dealer. Generally speaking, because of their low radiation angle they are not that good for close in work.

Figure 1. Peter Inskeep NO2D’s homebrew HF vertical is on the right corner of his deck.

So, why bother with verticals? A good commercial built vertical can provide multi-band operation without the need for a tuner. A good commercial vertical can also be very expensive. Some commercial vertical companies claim that their verticals do not need radials. Take that with a grain of sand. Home brew verticals, on the other hand, can be built very inexpensively, especially if one wants to use it only on a single band. To get around the need for dozens of radials a vertical can be mounted above ground, when it will require only a few (4 will do) radials. Mounted above ground it is generally called a ground-plane vertical.

Taking the positives and the negatives into account I decided to build a home brew vertical to see how well it might work. Rather than go out and buy aluminum poles to act as the radiator, I decided to just use a piece of 14 gauge wire. My design frequency was 14.035 MHz. Think of a wire sixteen plus feet long. Pieces of wire that long usually don’t stay up in the air by themselves. How could I support this wire vertically?

Fortunately, there were some fiberglass poles in the garage left over from my defunct Lightning Bolt Quad, which bit the dust a few years ago in a violent wind storm. The quad had 16 fiberglass spreaders. Three of the spreader poles when fit together made a mast about 20 ½ feet long. By the standard formula (468 / Freq in MHz.) half wave dipole resonant at 14.035 MHz. should be 33.345 feet long. To determine the length of a quarter wave vertical, simply divide 33.345 by 2 to arrive at 16 feet and 8 inches, the appropriate length for the quarter wave antenna. The formula above is for a half wave dipole, so just divide it by 2.

Figure 2. Attaching the feed line to the antenna components. Upper hose clamp holds the bottom of the driven element. Lower hose clamp connects the radials to the ladder feed line.

Strip the 14 gauge wire and cut it to 16’ 8”, plus a few more inches. Tape one end to the top end of the fiberglass poles, ie., mast. Run the wire down the mast, taping it for support at various places. The bottom end of the wire was about 4 feet from the bottom of the mast. Tuck the bottom end of the radiator under a hose clamp to make it secure. Then attach another hose clamp to the mast about an inch under the upper hose clamp. Stick a short piece of 14 gauge wire through that hose clamp, making sure it does not touch the antenna radiator. This is used to connect the ground radials, and one side of the ladder line. Cut 4 radials from the same spool of 14 gauge wire. Strip any insulation that may be on the wires, as insulation can lower the resonant frequency. All should be the same length as the radiator, 16 feet and 8 inches, plus some surplus for tying them off to insulators. Solder one end of each radial to the short wire below the lower end of the radiator.

As this antenna is designed to be a ground-plane, it must be mounted above ground. It should be mounted high enough so that the radials do not inadvertently hit someone walking underneath them when extended. I chose to mount this 20 ½ foot long pole to the railing of my back deck. Since this was an experimental antenna I just used rope to tie it to the railing of the deck. (This step requires permission from the boss, which I managed to obtain.). I connected a feed line made of window line. It can be whatever length is necessary to reach from the antenna mast to the rig tuner. A tuner is required for this antenna. One side of the window line is soldered to the radiator stub at the upper clamp. The other end is soldered to the short wire that connected with the 4 radials at the lower clamp. At this point envision a long non-conductive pole with a wire running vertically from the top down to the feed line. Also imagine 4 radials spread out around the deck in roughly 4 directions so no one would run into them.

In my case the window line went in through a back basement door to the tuner in my shack. Getting window line into a house can be difficult. Some folks will terminate it with a 4:1 balun outside the house. Then they run coax from the balun in to the tuner. Either way, some ingenuity is required to get the feed line into the shack and to the tuner.

A properly constructed vertical antenna can be fed directly with 50 ohm coaxial cable. Almost all are, commercial or otherwise. They should work on their design frequency. They won’t work well, or at all, on other bands, unless they are designed as multi-band verticals. Using window line (or ladder line if you have the patience and skill to build it), on the other hand, allows the antenna to be used on other bands than the one for which it was designed.

One of my tuners is an LDG AT100 ProII. The window line terminates in a small 4:1 balun, which is then connected to the LDG tuner with a short piece of coax. Using this setup, it tunes very easily to 1.0:1 on the bottom end of the 20 meter band. It also tunes to 1.0:1 on both 17 and 15 meters. 12 meters is not so good, at 1.7:1. 10 meters does great at 1.0:1. Would you believe that it also tunes on 30 meters? Actually, it does get down to 1.3:1 SWR on 10.115 Mhz. It even tunes down to 1.0:1 on 40 meters. I doubt that it does very well on that band, though, so I seldom use it there.

On 20 meters it often equals, or out performs, my doublet up at 30 feet, or my dipole, also at 30 feet. Sometimes it is better, and sometime not. On the other bands the story is more mixed. It occasionally works better, but more often than not the doublet, tuned through the same LDG auto-tuner, will outperform it.

It might be an ideal inexpensive antenna for someone who wants to operate several bands but does not have the room or physical supports for a long wire antenna. It gives me another weapon, especially when I am searching for DX. They say that the main strength of a vertical is its low angle of radiation, which is good for hunting DX. A dipole or doublet, on the other hand, especially at a low height of 30 feet, does not really have a very good low angle of radiation, and may not be as effective as a vertical for DX.

Figure 1 shows an overall view of the vertical attached to the corner of the deck. The radials are difficult to see, but stretch out, generally speaking, from the mast just at the height of the deck rail, well above head level. Spread the radials out as equally as you can.

Figure 2 shows how the window feed line is attached to the mast. Note that the end of the radiator, coming down the pole, goes under the hose clamp and then directly to one end of the feed line. The other end of the feed line goes to the short 14 gauge wire that is under the lower hose clamp. There is no connection between the upper hose clamp or the radiator, and the lower hose clamp, which serves to secure the 4 radials as well as the other side of the window line.

This is not a difficult antenna to build if one can find a suitable mast. Crappie fishing poles are said to be effective for this purpose. If you have or can get a 17 foot long piece of aluminum or copper, by all means use that instead of the wire. It should work even better.

The two keys are first, design it as a ground plane vertical to avoid having to lay out dozens of radials. Second, use window line, or build your own ladder line so that it can be a multi-band antenna. My best DX with this antenna so far? South Cook Islands, Croatia, Germany, Belgium, and Chile. All with 5 watts or less. In some cases my dipoles or doublet will outperform the vertical. In other cases, the vertical wins. Nice to have all three to choose from.

-30-

CQC MINUTES 111817 – Addendum 1

CQC MINUTES 111817 – Addendum 1
COLORADO QRP CLUB
Minutes – Regular Membership Meeting
November 18, 2017

TREASURER’S REPORT

VIA EMAIL from Treasurer, Roger Wendell WBØJNR:

CQC Treasurer’s report for 11-18-2017

Checking $ 100.00
Savings $ 2,552.90
Total $ 2,652.90

Submitted by: Dick Schneider, ABØCD, CQC Secretary

CQC MINUTES 111817

CQC MINUTES 111817
COLORADO QRP CLUB
Minutes – Regular Membership Meeting
November 18, 2017
Koelbel Public Library (Arapahoe Libraries)
5955 S Holly St, Centennial, CO 80121

Officers Present: Ed Comfort KCØZLR, President; Scott Garcia KØFRP, Vice President; Dick Schneider ABØCD, Secretary; Roger Wendell WBØJNR, Treasurer

Total attendees: 11

Meeting called to order by President Ed Comfort at 10:30 a.m.

TREASURER’S REPORT

Treasurer, Roger Wendell WBØJNR said he did not have a precise financial print out, but said the club’s combined checking and savings account balances totaled approximately $2,600, which is down slightly from the historical balance, due mainly to a change in the club’s dues structure from $10 per year to $5 for life. He said he planned to email a precise Treasurer’s report to club officers.

SECRETARY’S REPORT

Secretary, Dick Schneider ABØCD, reported that the previous meeting was the club annual picnic at the Genesee Mountain Park. No business was conducted. Attendance was sparse, but consisted of a small group of hard core club stalwarts, two of whom had arrived early to hike to the top of Genesee “Mountain” – a SOTA peak – to put it on the air before picnic festivities began. Weather was cool and we experienced a bit of rain, but a goodly quantity of both meated and unmeated hot dogs were grilled and packed away into empty bellies. The horseshoe tournament was postponed.

COMMITTEE REPORTS

Fox Hunt. Marshall Emm N1FN reported that the winter 40/80 meter fox hunts on Tuesday and Thursday evenings were underway. Too bad the bands were not cooperating. He said the foxes and hounds would take a break during Thanksgiving week. We are anxiously awaiting the season’s first complaint about the savage nature of fox hunts.

Field Day. Scott Garcia KØFRP. No extensive discussion. However, there appeared to be a consensus that the club would return to member Jim Moravec NØCOT’s spread out near Strasburg east of the Queen City of the Plains for the 2018 event. Final plans are still to be determined.

Buildapalooza. Dick Schneider ABØCD. Dick reported that the Buildapalooza was underway and a number of club members have signed up and reported what they planned to work on over the 2017-2018 building season. He said he took 25 Buildapalooza flyers to the 285 Tech Connect Radio Club’s 2017 Techfest, where he presented the club’s QRP 101 basic course module, and all but two were taken by attendees. He said updates would be posted on the club’s Elektrik newsletter, The Low Down (cqclowdown.org; PLEASE SUBSCRIBE!), and the club’s website (coloradoqrpclub.org).

The Low Down. Dick Schneider ABØCD, editor. Dick recommended that members subscribe to The Low Down, which is located online at cqclowdown.org. That way new postings will be emailed to subscribers. He also solicited articles and announcements for the newsletter. The Low Down is now in the form of a WordPress Blog/Website and is no longer being sent out via snailmail in an analog form factor. The current rendition of the newsletter is manufactured exclusively from recycled electrons and light emissions on computer screens, so no trees or Japanese pine beetles are ever harmed in its publication. Individual members, however, can print out articles from The Low Down. We recommend using printers that utilize recycled paper made from old pop bottles and toner or ink fashioned from discarded soft drinks at Broncos and Rockies games.

OLD BUSINESS

Colorado Repeater Association repeaters. Ed Comfort KCØZLR reporters that the CRA had completed is relocation of the 147.225 repeater, further south than its older location, and that it was once again available for the club’s weekly 2-meter net on Monday evenings at 8:00 p.m. MST. However, several members said the temporary CRA repeater, 145.460 worked better than the new 147.225 repeater. It was agreed to keep the net on the 145.460 repeater until further notice. That repeater is linked to the 147.225 machine, as well as several others, so some of the members south of the metro area might be better off using the 147.225 repeater for the net.

NEW BUSINESS

Colorado Repeater Association membership. The issue arose regarding CQC membership in the CRA, since it has used its repeaters for nets for many years. While individual CRA membership has always been promoted by the club, club treasurer Roger Wendell WBØJNR raised the question: should CQC officially join the CRA? Club officers agreed it would be a good idea and authorized Roger to make arrangements to join CRA.

A motion to adjourn was made, seconded and approved at 11:00 a.m.

PRESENTATION

James Kretzschmar AE7AX from Cheyenne, Wyoming, presented an informative educational module on getting started in homebrew construction. The presentation featured his recently built homebrew 40-meter CW transceiver and homebrew test equipment. The 10-watt transmitter section uses six switched crystals for frequency control. The seven-transistor direct conversion receiver utilizes three of the semi-conductors for the mixer/detector, two for the oscillator, and two for the audio amplifier. The presentation covered schematics for the rig, construction techniques, where to find parts, and the joy of homebrewing.

LUNCH

QRP hams are always hungry, so members trekked over to Panera Bread on the other side of Holly Street for chow and the swapping of more exaggerated stories.

Submitted by: Dick Schneider, ABØCD, CQC Secretary

Homebrewing Featured at Next CQC Meeting Nov. 11

MEETING DATE, TIME & LOCATION:AE7AX 40M CW TRANSCEIVER
Saturday, November 18th, 2017 10:30 a.m.
Koelbel Library
5995 South Holly Street, Centennial, CO 80121

You don’t have to be a member. Everyone is welcome!

James Kretzschmar AE7AX will be traveling all the way from Cheyenne, Wyoming, to discuss homebrew construction. The presentation will feature his recently built homebrew 40-meter CW transceiver. The 10-watt transmitter section uses six switched crystals for frequency control. The seven-transistor direct conversion receiver utilizes three of the semi-conductors for the mixer/detector, two for the oscillator, and two for the audio amplifier. The presentation will include discussion of schematics for the rig, construction techniques, and the joy of homebrewing.

Our meetings usually end with an optional luncheon at a nearby southeast Metro area restaurant for a lot of fun chat and chow!

 

285 TechFest Sat. Nov 11 – BE THERE!

One of the best ham radio deals in Colorado is coming up on Saturday, Nov. 11, in Lakewood — the annual 285 Tech Connect Radio Club’s TechFest.

The TechFest boasts five hours of presentations on technical topics related to amateur radio, plus a “demo corner” where club members show off some of their operating technology. All for only ten bucks!

This educational feast runs from 9:00 a.m. to 3:00 p.m., with a 1-hour break for lunch. The TechFest presentation lineup includes these speakers and topics:

  • KØNA – Larry Weinstein: Practical Tricks with Transformers
  • NØCU – Bill Leonard: Transmission Lines as Impedance Transformers
  • W6OAV – Bill Rinker: Small Magnetic Transmitting Loops Demystified
  • ACØKQ – Willem Schreüder: Raspberry Pi Software Defined Radio
  • ABØCD – Dick Schneider: QRP 101 – The Basics

Doors open for registration at 8:00AM. Cash on the dash. No time for pre-registration. For morning talk-in, we’ll be using the 145.145 CRA Repeater.

So be there! It’s at the Lakewood Elks Lodge, 1455 Newland Street, Lakewood, CO, in the upstairs dining room. Refreshments will be available. You are on your own for lunch.

Morse Express 2017 Christmas Key

In Celebration of the Season…

So far, Morse Express has designed and produced a special key for the holidays, every single year in this century. No, wait every single year in this millennium!

The Morse Express 2017 Christmas key is the seventeenth in the series. This year’s key combines a traditional camelback lever with a translucent red knob and a walnut base, for a stunning little key that will turn heads wherever it goes. The camelback provides for an elegant level transition down to the contacts but it also adds mass to the lever, giving it a smoother “feel.” That and the added leverage that you get with the trunnion at the rear of the key make it an excellent key for sending code.

The wires from the miniature binding posts are traced into the base and covered with a felt pad so the key will be less likely to slip, and won’t mar the table. The hardware is solid brass, highly polished and, gold plated so that it will not tarnish or corrode. Contact spacing and spring tension are both controlled by the single adjusting screw just forward of the trunnion. The 2017 Christmas key weighs 2 1/4 ounces (60g) and measures 2 3/8 x 1 5/8″ (60 x 40mm) at the base.

“The Christmas keys represent my annual opportunity to play around with key design and to work with a master craftsman to bring new designs to life,” Morse Express owner Marshall Emm, N1FN. “I hope the 2017 Christmas key will bring a little joy to your celebration of the holidays, and add something special to Straight Key Night.”

The Morse Express 2017 Christmas Key is a limited edition, priced at $89.95 plus shipping and handling. Each key has a label with “Christmas 2017” and a unique serial number.

CONTACT INFO: www.MorseExpress.com where you will also find secure ordering facilities. Call (800) 238-8205 toll free to order by phone, or (303) 752-3382.

 

COLORADO QRP CLUB BUILDAPALOOZA

Kit Building – Homebrewing – Elmering – Prizes – On Air Event

WHY WHY WHY? — In a world gone mad with high-tech prebuilt gear, The CQC Buildapalooza is an event designed to encourage CQC members to:

  • Build their own gear
  • Place those projects into service
  • Elmer hams to enhance construction skills
  • Increase participation in the hobby

WHEN? — The club sponsored event will take place over the 2017-2018 winter season, beginning November 15, 2017, and ending March 31, 2018.

WHERE? — Everywhere! BUILDAPALOOZA IS LOCAL – The club plans to secure a local building site in the Denver metro area (TBA). BUILDAPALOOZA IS GLOBAL – Most participants will be building their projects at their own benches in their own shacks, anywhere on Planet Earth.

ELMERINGBuilders will be Elmered directly at the Denver area Buildapalooza location and through distanced learning via email and blogs.

RECOMMENDED MAJOR KITS — The club is suggesting two top notch 5-watt QRP transceiver kits: the Oak Hills 100A (1 band of your choice: 80, 40, 30, 20, or 15 meters) and the PFR-3 Trail-ready CW Transceiver (3 bands 40-30-20 meters). Experienced builders of each of these radios will be available for Elmering questions.

OHR-100A      PFR-3B

DO YOU HAVE TO BUILD THESE KITS? NO NO NO — Buildapalooza participants can build ANY KIT THEY WISH. The club has suggested a few alternative transceiver, transmitter, receiver, and accessory kits. Or, pick one of your own that is not on the club’s list. Scratch built projects are also eligible. The club just wants YOU to build something related to amateur radio and put it into service. More information can be found at WWW.CQCLOWDOWN.ORG and WWW.COLORADOQRPCLUB.ORG. 

WHO CAN PARTICIPATE? — Colorado QRP Club members with a CQC number, OLD AND NEW. This means any of the 1,000 PLUS hams that currently have a CQC number. NOT A MEMBER? It is easy to join through the club’s website WWW.COLORADOQRPCLUB.ORG. Our dues are QRP as well, $5 for a lifetime membership. JOIN THE COLORADO QRP CLUB.

PRIZES!!! — The Club will be providing prizes awarded by drawing registered participants’ names out of a hat, similar to hamfest door prizes. The club will secure an independent third party to draw names. No additional fees are required for this. Colorado QRP Club officers or Executive Board members ARE NOT eligible to receive prizes.

CQC BUILDAPALOOZA ON AIR EVENT — The club will sponsor an on-air event after the Buildapalooza completion date, sometime in Spring of 2018. Builders can put their rigs or accessories on the air for extra points. This will be a QRP event, 5 watts or less. Stay tuned for more details.

HOW TO REGISTERSend your NAME, ADDRESS, CALLSIGN, CQC NUMBER, EMAIL, & BUILDAPALOOZA PROJECT to: BUILD@COLORADOQRPCLUB.ORG ==OR== use the CONTACT US form on this website. 

NOTE: Details subject to change as planning progresses, but let us know your interest ASAP – CQC

CQC will post other kit options AND suggestions at WWW.CQCLOWDOWN.ORG (this blog) and WWW.COLORADOQRPCLUB.ORG

ALSO—SEND US YOUR KIT SUGGESTIONS, INCLUDING WHERE TO GET THE KITS

BUILDERS ARE RESPONSIBLE FOR ORDERING AND PURCHASING THEIR CHOICE OF KITS FOR THE BUILDAPALOOZA

CQC IS NOT HANDLING ANY KIT PURCHASES